The Romanov Winter Palace March 1917, soldiers standing guard.
Nicholas II declaring War on Germany, he begged the German Kaiser not to mobilize his troops, Wilhelm II refused, lighting the fuse to World War. Alamy/Smithsonian
The Czarina and her daughters. Olga and Tatiana, in their nurse uniforms. The first nurses were Catholic Nuns in the Dark Ages of the 6th and 7th Century, all medical and hospice care was free.
Kolya Deverenko in military uniform with Alexei, later in old age, a Russian Interview from the early 1990's.
Yusupov as a child and shortly before he went to college at Oxford where he met Oswald Rayner. Rayner would later name his son John FELIX Rayner after the Prince. From 1909 to 1912, Felix attended University College at Oxford, studying Forestry and English. While at Oxford he founded the Oxford Russian Club. Felix lived extravagantly. Prince Yusupov was a member of Oxford’s Bullingdon Club — which was basically a dining club for rich, spoiled boys. They gained a well earned reputation for arrogance and bullying. Later Tory Prime Ministers David Cameron and Boris Johnson would be members of Bullingdon.
But many people saw it coming, Vladimir Lenin's brother Sasha had been executed for his part in the March 13, 1881 assassination of Czar Alexander II. The Church of the Holy Blood marks the site of the bomb assassination.
Alexander II was a reformer who liberated the serfs, assassinating him drove his son, Alexander III, to the right, he executed Sasha Ulyanov, Lenin's brother, for the murder of his father.
Sasha standing in the center of his family with Lenin/Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov sitting to the right. Their father was a school Administrator.
Stolypin's grave still visited by pilgrims to this day. Stolypin was murdered by leftists at the Kiev Ukraine Opera House with the Czar and his daughters Olga and Tatiana in attendance on September 18, 1911. Stolypin was shot twice, once in the arm and once in the chest, by Dmitry Bogrov, a Jewish leftist revolutionary. Bogrov ran to one of the entrances and was caught. Wikipedia
PM Pyotr Stolypin's grave in Kiev, below, has become a site of pilgrimmage ever since his death, even during the Bolshevik, Communist and Stalinist eras.
This led to the 1905 Revolution which forced the Czar to accept a legislative body, the Duma, and limits to imperial power.
There is a serious debate whether Father Gapon committed suicide after the failure of his protests and the massacre of Bloody Sunday. But there is a competing theory, that his fellow protest leaders found out that he had connections with the Okhrana, the Russian Secret Police. They murdered him and made it look like a suicide.
The Nazis during WWII destroyed Russian cities and towns, palaces and churches, then rapaciously robbed the Catherine and Alexander Palaces at Tsarskoe Selo. The Nazis stole the Amber Room, a gift from Prussian King Frederick the Great to the Russian Czar. The amber paneling has disappeared from history.
British Intelligence started a smear campaign against Rasputin, but that led immediately and directly to a smear campaign in the press against SHY, German born Empress Alexandra, who had no idea how to respond.
Doctors now recommend taking a small dose aspirin, 80 mg daily if you are over 50-years-old. 87% of all strokes are caused by blood clots which can lead to brain cell death, memory loss and paralysis, As exemplified by Alexei's suffering, aspirin prevents platelets from clotting, diminishing the chances of a stroke and paralysis. But it is NEVER proscribed for anyone suffering from hemophilia. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/daily-aspirin-therapy/art-20046797
The English waivered in their support, both financial and political, of the White Russian forces, leading directly to the betrayal of Admiral Kolchak, who was turned over to the Bolsheviks, who immediately executed him and dumped his body in the Angara River. A horrible end to one of Russia's greatest patriots.
People forget that 1,000,000 Berliners protested CONSERVATIVE/ROYALIST Chancellor Franz von Papen including Nazis Adolf Hitler and Herman Goering in his 1930 coalition cabinet. Hitler demanded that all protesters be arrested for TREASON by the Gestapo, which had been created by Goering, so they could be thrown in Concentration Camps. Remember Hitler got 5 years for his Treasonous Munich Beerhall Putsch/Coup which KILLED 20, but only served 7 1/2 months after the judge let him out early. Hitler proposed long prison terms to life imprisonment for protesters in concentration camps and leaders subject to the death penalty.
The Romanovs lasted 300 years, British MI6 Agent Oswald Rayner's man, Alexander Kerensky, lasted a little over 7 months. Riots, protests and assassinations were occurring throughout Russia every day,. Soldiers were deserting by the 100,000's. Royalists and Conservatives realizing what a disaster Kerensky was, asked General Lvar Kornilov to overthrow Kerensky's government in a coup as a last resort in September 1917. It failed Lenin had arrived in St. Petersburg/Petrograd in April 1917, thanks to the German Kaiser. He had one message, PEACE now, at any price and bring the boys home. It doesn't take a genius to figure out to whom the people listened.
Think I am kidding? Russian Bolshevik Negotiators Brest-Litovsk Agreed, led by Trotsky and approved by Lenin, sent the German 6 BILLION MARKS IN GOLD, the equivalent of $84 Billion Dollars today, then Lenin/Trotsky/Stalin/Sverdlov gave the Germans 58,000 Square Miles of Russian Territory, the size of the US State of Georgia.
Millions of French Children became orphans because of WWI. German troops would take special joy in beating boys 10-years-old and up, looking for any excuse to shoot and kill them. These French boys and girls became a truly lost generation.
While Alexei slept in his parents room, he continued to occupy it after his Mom and Dad and Tatiana left for Yekaterinburg in March. In late May 1918, Alexei, Olga, Maria and Anastasia would join their parents at Ipatiev House, the Bolshevik House of Special Purpose.
Yekaterinburg was an industrial city in Siberia, which was a stronghold of the Bolsheviks
Lenin wanted a show trial for Nicholas II and Alexandra, followed by their execution. His deputies Sverdlov and Stalin wanted the whole family killed immediately. Sverdlov came from Yekaterinburg and knew the Ural Soviet Members, the men who implemented the massacre---had his whole hearted approval and encouragement. With the approach of the White Russian/Anti-Communists and Czech Armies, Sverdlov and Stalin won the argument. Lenin sent this telegram ordering Yurovsky to massacre the whole family.
Robert Massie and his son Bobby, the inspiration for Nicholas and Alexandra, the first and best book about the Romanovs.
Young Bolshevik Revolutionary Leon Trotsky, as cold-blooded as Sverdlov and Stalin, would attempt to rehabilitate and humanize his reputation after being exiled by Stalin. On May 22, 1922, Lenin had the first of three strokes which would eventually leave him paralyzed. On January 21, 1924, he had the final stroke which killed him. A state funeral was planned. Stalin as Party Secretary deliberately and brilliantly, gave Trotsky the wrong date for Lenin's funeral causing him to miss the most important event in the USSR's history up to that date. Everyone at the funeral angrily noted Trotsky's absence, this was the beginning of the end for Trotsky in Russia, Stalin's #1 Competitor/Opponent. In 1929, Trotsky was forced into exile, living the life of a refugee. On August 21, 1940, Stalin had KGB/Cheka Assassins murder Trotsky in Mexico where he then lived.
Trotsky might have considered it amusing, Stalin had a stroke at his suburban Moscow Kuntsevo Dacha sometime after 4 AM March 1, 1953, but he gave an order that he was not to be disturbed. Guards heard a noise, but weren't sure if Stalin dropped something, but no one ignored an order given by Stalin. No one saw him all day, very unusual for him, but it wasn't until the cleaning woman was sent in at 11 PM to see if he needed anything that his comatose body was discovered. His blood pressure was 210 over 120, indicating that he had a cerebral hemorrhage. Had he gotten medical help, something to lower his blood pressure, something might have been done for him, but by 11 PM it was too late. Stalin was a co-conspirator in his own death.
Trotsky's absence from Lenin's funeral was noted in the party newspapers, Stalin made sure his photo carrying the casket was on the front page of every Russian newspaper and magazine.
Or Bethany Nesbitt of Indiana, she wasn't feeling well and took the Coronavirus test, she died waiting on the results. Trump did nothing when it would have made a difference, just as, one imagines, Sverdlov and Stalin would have, not caring about irrelevant collateral damage.
Lenin's murder telegram, written in code, calling for removal of the Romanovs as a problem for the Bolsheviks. Another telegraph message sent from Yekaterinburg to Moscow and recovered by Sokolov the White Russian Investigator:
Sokolov's investigators retrieved this wooden floor plank from the Iapatiev basement with Romanov blood on it.
Sokolov's investigators actually came across the wooden railroad ties and took this photo, but were told they were used to get traction for the Fiat which got stuck in the mud on the Bolshevik's way to bury the Romanov family and retainers.
The Romanov Family and Servants dumped in a mass grave by the Bolsheviks, discovered by Geologist Dr. Avdonin in 1976, recovered in 1991 after the Fall of the Soviet Union.
The site that the Romanov family rested for over 70 years, today marked with railroad ties and a cross.
The Patiev Murderers would get together for reunions and to celebrate the massacre years later. Here is a reunion of the Ipatiev Yekaterinburg Bolshevik Assassins.
The only survivor of the massacre, Alexei's pet spaniel Joy. He would be rescued from Yekaterinburg and taken to Windsor Palace in England.
Joy would go to Windsor England where she would miss her loyal master and friend Alexei for the rest of her life.
The Czarina's sister was taken with other members of the royal family to a schoolhouse in Alapayevsk Siberia.
Konstantine Konstantinovich, favorite uncle of Czar Nicholas II, at age 16, and his sons Joann/Jonathan, Igor and Konstantine Konstantinovich.
With Elizabeth was Alexei's best friend, Duke Igor Konstantinovich and his brothers, the sons of Grand Duke Konstantine Konstantinovich, Nicholas II favorite Uncle.
Alexei and Maria's remains consist of 44 bone fragments, seven teeth, three bullets and a fragment of clothing. Though the Orthodox Church and remaining Romanov family are incredibly slow in recognizing these remains, there seems little doubt that they are from Alexei and Maria Romanov.
Dr. Alexander Avdonin the discoverer of the Romanov Grave in 1976 http://www.searchfoundationinc.org/final-search
The name Faberge is still inscribed on the building where Peter Karl Faberge's craftsmen made fantastic jewelry and Easter Eggs for the Royal Family in St. Petersburg Russia, the building survived the Bolshevik Communists.