Monday, December 5, 2016

Sophie and Hans Scholl, sometimes courage is easy, sometimes it is unbelievably hard. Boy Scout Helmuth Hubner, Heroes of the Ages.






Sophie and Hans Scholl were college students in Bavaria in the early 1930's. When the Nazi's came to power in 1933, Sophie and Hans could have been like everybody else and gone along, but the two Lutheran kids heard a speech by German Catholic Bishop von Galen in defense of freedom of conscience. Already raised to believe in liberal ideas by their parents, these two young people were inspired to join other college students to campaign for free speech by handing out pamphlets. They formed a group called the White Rose, eventually they were arrested by the Nazi Gestapo for Treason, tried and executed. Below is a video of Sophie's interrogation. She shows grace and courage and no regrets.

The White Rose group was motivated by ethical and moral considerations. They came from various religious backgrounds. Willi Graf and Katharina Schüddekopf were devout Catholics. Alexander Schmorell was an Orthodox Christian. Traute Lafrenz adhered to the concepts of anthroposophy, while Eugen Grimminger considered himself a Buddhist. Christoph Probst was baptized a Catholic only shortly before his execution. His father Hermann was nominally a Catholic, but also a private scholar of Eastern thought and wisdom. In their diaries and letters to friends, both Scholl siblings, nominally Lutherans, wrote about their reading of Christian Scholars, including Augustine of Hippo, Etienne Gilson, whose work on Medieval philosophy they discussed amongst other philosophical works within their network of friends.


Since the conquest of Poland, 300,000 Jews have been murdered in this country in the most bestial way ... The German people slumber on in dull, stupid sleep and encourage.... Each wants to be exonerated of guilt, each one continues on his way with the most placid, calm conscience. But he cannot be exonerated; he is guilty, guilty, guilty!
— 2nd leaflet of the White Rose.


Why do you allow these men who are in power to rob you step by step, openly and in secret, of one domain of your rights after another, until one day nothing, nothing at all will be left but a mechanized state system presided over by criminals and drunks? Is your spirit already so crushed by abuse that you forget it is your right - or rather, your moral duty - to eliminate this system?
— 3rd leaflet of the White Rose


Sophie and Hans Scholl were arrested here in the Atrium of Munich University by the Gestapo while handing out pamphlets.


The Courtroom in the Munich Hall of Justice where they were tried and convicted of Treason for handing out free speech pamphlets.




"Es lebe die Freiheit!"   Translated as: "Let Freedom live!"

Hans Scholl's last words before being beheaded by the Gestapo

Wikipedia



Sophie Scholl's interrogation by the Gestapo

Sophie never took a partisan point of view only an unfaltering defense of free speech. 


Some people were listening.Hans Scholl as a member of the Hitler Youth, indoctrinated, but not swayed, he and his sister listened to Catholic Bishop von Galen who made a plea for freedom of conscience and became convinced that that was their mission in life. Heroes for the Ages.





The Blessed Clemens August Graf von Galen (16 March 1878 – 22 March 1946) was a German count, Bishop of Münster, and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. During World War II, Galen led Catholic protest against Nazi euthanasia and denounced Gestapo lawlessness and the persecution of the church. He was appointed a Cardinal by Pope Pius XII in 1946. He was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI in 2005.

As soon as World War II was over, Hitler and Himmler said their first goal was to wipe the Catholic Church off the face of the earth, but their first execution was going to be Bishop von Galen. They hated him because they couldn't silence him and he wouldn't stop attacking them, subtly sometimes, bluntly at others, but relentlessly at all times.



The guillotine with which Sophie and her brother Hans were beheaded by the Nazi Gestapo. Though dead, their voices were never silenced. Sophie and Hans converted to Catholicism while awaiting execution, taking Last Rights, HEROES FOR THE AGES.













HITLER WAS A CONSERVATIVE RIGHT-WING DICTATOR



World War One was portrayed as the great war. It wasn't, 20,000,000 soldiers and civilians were killed. Poison gas, fired by Mortars and Howitzers looked beautiful on their way to the enemy trenches. Towards the end of the war, both sides would cut corners to fill the trenches, this 14-year-old English boy was burned to death by an incendiary mortar. An English military doctor certified these "Men" as 17-years-old and fit for duty. Obviously, they are closer to 12 and 13-years-old in age. They would be shipped to the front lines, where they would be slaughtered, suffering 80% fatalities.


















Adolf Hitler was a War Hero in WWI winning the Iron Cross for Bravery under fire.  When the war ended, he continued to work for the Prussian controlled German Army as a SPY. Hitler was sent to infiltrate liberal, socialists and leftist groups and report back to prosecutors so they could try members of these groups for Treason.

Image result for hitler wwi

Hitler with his buddies from the German Trenches. Soldiers were safer in the trenches than in no man's land. Hitler volunteered to become a courier between the trenches and Army HQ. Hitler was gassed and nearly killed several times. He spent months in the hospital, begging doctors to release him so he could get back to the front.
About a month from the end of WWI, September 28, 1918, Adolf Hitler was carrying a message to HQ when he was confronted by a British Private, Henry Tandey, serving near the French village of Marcoing. Tandey had Hitler in his gun sight.



















As Tandey tells the story, during the final moments of that Battle of Marcoing France, German troops were in retreat, a wounded German soldier entered Tandey’s line of fire. “I took aim but couldn’t shoot a wounded man,” Tandey remembered, “so I let him go.” The German soldier nodded in thanks, and disappeared.
Adolf Hitler was in the areas on that day in 1918, an intriguing link emerged to suggest that he was in fact the soldier Tandey spared. A photograph that appeared in London newspapers of Tandey carrying a wounded soldier at Ypres in 1914 was later portrayed on canvas in a painting by the Italian artist Fortunino Matania glorifying the Allied war effort. As the story goes, when British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain traveled to Germany in 1938 to engage Hitler in a last-ditch effort to avoid another war in Europe, he was taken by the Führer to his new country retreat in Bavaria. There, Hitler showed Chamberlain his copy of the Matania painting, commenting, “That’s the man who nearly shot me.”







Here is Adolf Hitler in 1922, with the Chief of Staff for the German Army Prussian General Ludendorff. Hitler was spying for military intelligence on leftist groups. In 10 years he would become Chancellor of Germany, thanks to Right-Wing Billionaire Baron Krupp who manufactured weapons and armaments. Hitler made him many times richer.
Ludendorff commanded the Spring German Offensive in which over a 1,000,000 attacked the allies all along the Somme River. It was called two other names, the Kaiserschlat, The German Kaiser's Offensive, or The Ludendorff Offensive. It began March 21, 1918 and lasted until July 18, 1918. Initially, the Germans inflicted huge losses on the French, British and American troops, the British alone had 7,000 dead and 20,000 wounded within a couple of hours and 10,000 more captured, allowing the Germans to capture huge amounts of Allied territory.
But three things guaranteed failure for the Germans, Allied Commander French Field Marshal Foche brilliantly rallied and counterattacked, driving the German back to their original entrenchments by July, Germany suffered 688, 341 killed and wounded and Ludendorff used every reserve that he had. And that is even before the American massive 2nd wave of reinforcements arrived. Though the war would continue until November 11th 1918, it was in every practical sense over.



November 11, 1918, the Armistice is signed




World War One was fought almost entirely in France, costing the French 1,400,000 dead soldiers and 300,000 dead civilians, the French lost a generation of men and the post war birth rate plummeted. There were simply too few men for women to marry. France suffered the equivalent of $50 Billion Dollars in Damage. Here the Germans, having defeated the French by violating the neutrality of Belgium and the Netherlands for a 2nd Time, demanded the same Train Car that General Foche signed World War One the Armistice with the Germans be brought back to Compiegne so Hitler could sign the surrender at exactly the same place in the same train car as November 11, 1918.

Now, having lost the Spring Offensive to Marshal Foche, Ludendorff started blaming defeat not on the army, but on Civilians in Germany. His favorite targets Unions, Leftists and Jews. Adolf Hitler had gotten to know Ludendorff during the War and became one of the few soldiers who continued to work for the army after the Armistice. Hitler came to agree with Ludendorff, in direct defiance of the facts, Germany lost because of Liberals and Leftists, not on the Battlefield. He would never forget. Hitler determined to make them pay for their "treachery"

Hitler stumbled upon the Nazi Party in one of his investigations. It had fanatic members and no leader. Hitler saw his roundez-vous with history, infiltrated the membership and took over.


 

Rosa Luxemburg was a radical and persuasive speaker who was gaining in popularity within Germany after the end of World War One, Hitler and his ex-military militia, the Freikorps weren't going to allow that, The Freikorps executed Rosa Luxemburg on January 15, 1919.

Hitler took over the party and made it a purely Pro-German Aryan Nationalist Party. It was funded by Conservative Billionaire Baron Krupp, who supported its right-wing military policies.


Hitler flew to Essen Germany to congratulate Baron Krupp on his 70th Birthday on August 7, 1940. Hitler and Krupp had changed the Nazi Party into the Aryan, Pro-Business, Nationalist, Militarist Party.

In the 1930, Krupp's financial help allowed the Nazis to gain 33% of the seats in the Reichstag, losing only to the REAL Socialist Party, the Social Democrats.






















Baron Krupp used his money and influence to force ROYALIST/CONSERVATIVE Chancellor von Papen to include Adolf Hitler and his Nazis in his cabinet. Von Papen needed the Nazis. His coalitions was a hodge-podge of Royalists, Conservatives, Nationalists and Religious Parties but they were nowhere near a majority of 50% + 1 Reichstag votes, which is what Hitler gave him. 1,000,000 Berliners came out to protest against Hitler's inclusion in the cabinet. Von Papen gave Hitler protege Herman Goering the Interior Security/Police Ministry. Goering's first act was to create the GESTAPO. Goering and Hitler then declared protests acts of treason and began prosecuting demonstrators. There were no more large protests in Germany.















Hitler and Goering used the Reichstag Fire, set by Dutchman von Lubbe to kick the Communists and other leftists groups out of the Parliament as enemies of the state. Even at the time, Goering was suspected of using the mentally ill young man as a front for a Nazi act.







Hitler's planning worked perfectly, kicking out liberals and leftist from the Reichstag allowed the Nazis to become the largest party in the Reichstag, replacing the Social Democrats, the Socialist Party.

Baron Krupp pressured German President Field Marshal Hindenburg to fire von Papen as ineffective and appoint Hitler Chancellor to see if he could form a government. He did and his first actions show how truly CONSERVATIVE HE WAS.

Hitler immediately began having the Army demonstrate weapons in public parks. These boys, 10-years-old and up, were trained to shoot military grade machine guns, manufactured by Baron Krupp's Krupp Works Armament Factory.


Next, Hitler made Labor Day a holiday, the very next day Goering sent the Gestapo to murder powerful union leaders, arrest the rest, then made unions and strikes ILLEGAL. Something in Republican Conservatives in the US would love to do too.


Baron Krupp immediately cut wages and profited from MASSIVE INCREASES in the German War Ministry Budget.


Fictional movies about real events don't really interest me. There are a few exceptions. The Ukrainian movie Come and See (1985) is a movie about the Nazi Invasion of Ukraine. It is the story of one boy's fight to survive wanton Nazi persecution. This boy, Aleksey Kravchenko, deserves an Oscar for his brilliant, heartbreaking performance. It was produced during the waning days of the Soviet Union and got lost in the shuffle of international politics. It didn't really achieve notice until the 2010's. If you can handle it, it certainly is worth watching. I ran across Aleksey with the Director and was struck with his smile. The movie is available from the wonderful Internet resource archive.org. https://archive.org/details/idiisimotricomeandsee85










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